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Plastic Replacing Metal Oxides in Future Batteries

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We have various kinds of batteries, from tiny ones in hearing aids that weigh not up to a gram to emergency power supplying batteries weighing over a tonne. We have batteries that can be utilized once before being disposed of and ones that can be recharged.

Now a days we use Lithium metal for manufacturing batteries, because of its light weight with atomic number of 3. Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are being used till date in watches, cellphones, laptops and electric vehicles etc. With so many applications and tremendous output, Lithium ion batteries considered far better than nickel-cadmium and lead batteries, however they still use a metal oxide, which are metallic elements that have formed compounds with oxygen.


Future Plastic Batteries


Now whats Next after metal oxides:

Metals including Lithium using various mining procedures are extracted form rock, clays and brines that requires a lot of energy and it also affects our environment responsible for causing pollution.

Christoffer Karlsson, Research Scholar form Uppsala University in Sweden, has invented a new class of organic materials that could solve very essential problems of today’s batteries. These are conductive redox
polymers – a type of electrically conductive plastic.
He thinks these plastics have a great potential for development and use in future batteries. 

Why we prefer ?


The properties of conductive redox polymers have led to a number of different uses for these materials. Among of all properties, Metallic conductivity, which can be regulated, is perhaps their most important property. Also most important thing is the possibility of manufacturing them cheaply at low temperatures.

Christoffer Karlsson thinks new batteries can be produced from Non-Conventional sources using
environmentally friendly methods, in sharp contrast to today’s
batteries, made from inorganic materials.


He also said that, “They have potential as
electrode materials in future environmentally friendly batteries, and it
would be possible to make organic batteries purely from polymers.”

  
Source: ScienceNordic

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